Natural populations

The subtropical distribution of Goodenia rotundifolia is north of the Hunter River, New South Wales to the Mackay coast, Queensland with populations on the coast and tablelands. A perennial herb, G. rotundifolia grows in open eucalypt forest and woodlands in grassy understoreys, on the margins of wet sclerophyll forest, in coastal Melaleuca swamps and Banksia headlands. It is a very variable species particularly in density of the hairs covering the leaves and in plant habit; it may be prostrate, erect or stoloniferous [83].

Flowering and seeds

Flowers may be found much of the year, but mainly in spring and autumn [14]. Seed biology not available

Cultivation and uses

Key descriptors:
Climate parameters
Mean annual rainfall: 600-2000 mm
Rainfall distribution pattern: summer
Mean annual temperature: 12-24 °C
Mean max. temperature of the hottest month: 24-33 °C
Mean min. temperature of the coldest month: 0-11 °C
Frosts (approx. no. per year): greater than 20
Frost intensity: light to moderate (0 to -5°C)
Altitude: 0-1000 metres
Tolerance of extremes in climate
Drought: known to be moderately drought tolerant
Frost: tolerates frosts in the 0° to -5°C range
Wind: tolerates salt-laden coastal winds
Soil factors
Texture: clay loam, light to medium clay (35-50% clay) or loam, sandy loam, sandy clay loam
Soil pH reaction: acidic (less than 6.5)
Soil depth: skeletal to shallow (less than 30 cm)
Drainage: well-drained
Salinity: non-saline
Biological traits under cultivation
Habit: evergreen or perennial herb
Longevity: short-lived less than 15 years
Root system: shallow and spreading
Shade tolerance: tolerates partial shade


[14] Stanley TD, Ross EM (1983 to 1995) Plants of South-East Queensland. Volumes 1-3, Queensland Government, Brisbane.

[83] Carolin RC (1992) Goodenia. Pp. 147–281 in AS George (ed.) Flora of Australia, vol. 35. (Australian Government Publishing Service: Canberra).

Internet links

Flora ofAustralia Online:

PlantNet NSW Flora Online – species description & distribution:

The Endeavour Botanical Illustrations: