variation that occurs among different populations of a species growing under different environmental conditions. Different populations adapt to these conditions (salinity, aspect, temperature etc).
- biological diversity; the diversity of life of all types. Biodiversity occurs at the genetic, species and ecosystem scales.
seed that is stored in fruits held on the foliage or canopy of the plant. Seed is dropped regularly or in response to particular environmental conditions (such as fire).
the elements of a landscape that allow organisms and their genes to move across it.
An interacting network of groups of organisms together with their nonliving or physical environment.
Processes that are necessary for the self-maintenance of an Ecosystem such as primary production, nutrient cycling, decomposition, etc
Enhancement (of vegetation)
Actions that improve the condition of native vegetation or its habitat value, such as revegetation, adding water, adding nesting boxes etc.
small often isolated patches of native vegetation retained after clearing or major disturbance
having a range of ecosystem functions present or available
the undesired flow of genes from an introduced population into a remnant population.
progeny resulting from crossing of closely related individuals, or from the flowers from the same plant. Results in lower fitness for species that are obligate outcrossers and with mixed mating systems.
A herbicide that kills living plants. Plants are sprayed or wiped with the herbicide while they are actively growing
that part of the landscape that is not occupied by native vegetation. Usually refers to fragmented or relictual native vegetation, agricultural land and urban areas.
Mixed Mating Systems
Plant mating systems where successful mating occurs between unrelated individuals and between flowers on the same plant (selfing)
The physical expression of a plants genetic makeup - what it looks like.
the process where plants naturally disperse their seeds, and new plants grow from these seeds germinating on site.
Mating system of some plants where male and female flowers must be on seperate plants or no seed will be set.
Patch (native vegetation)
Non-technical term used to describe stands of native vegetation of a few hectares or less in area.
the functions and activities of life or of living matter (as tissues, or cells) and of the physical and chemical phenomena involved
Organs of reproduction. Seeds are the most obvious, but also cuttings, spores, root suckers etc.
the location where seed originates
plants or animals no longer occur in a region where they once occurred, even though the species may be common in other parts of its range.
The abundance of a plant species relative to other plant species at a particular location.
where some ecological functions are performed by more than one organism.
native vegetation remaining or regenerated after clearing and other destructive removal. Distinct from replanted vegetation.
herbicide that kills emerging seedlings and prevents germination. It is usually applied to bare soil and has a lasting effect.
the ability of an ecosystem to maintain diversity, integrity and ecological processes following disturbance.
Ecological restoration is the process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged, or destroyed. (SER, 2008)
scraping or grading away the topsoil in order to remove the soil seedbank (including weed seeds)
Mating system where crosses between flowers on the same plant are successful
Seeds that are stored in the soil. Seeds may be stored for short or long periods.
The physical and spatial arrangement of an ecosystem and its components
The position of a site in the landscape in relation to the surrounding topography (e.g. hilltop, valley, slope etc)
the health and physical state of a vegetation community in relation to a benchmark state
having enough individuals to sustain the population and its genetic diversity